Friday, June 19, 2015

James A. Eddins/Edins who married Nancy Ann Hendrix/Hendricks

This is 95% of what I know is true about James A. Eddins/Edins. There are lots of incorrect statements floating in the genealogy ozone about him, most of them unsupported. The article below is a little dry, but it's where the paper trail leads. These are the facts with their sources. I know there's more information available in Tallapoosa County, but I didn't get that far this year. Next year. (Yay!)

James A. had a pretty dry life. He was a regular guy, a man of his times. Indeed there are only two odd things in his life that I could find: 

• No documented kids in the first five years of his marriage.

• He was awarded a land grant after he died.


James A. Eddins was born about 1794 in the Saluda area of Orangeburgh District (later Lexington), South Carolina. His father was  John Eddins, as documented by the widow's 1828 ad in the South Carolina State Journal. (See earlier post at ALRoots2) His mother was Zilpha Unknown, as documented by the 1816 SC court case. Here's part of the text:

"Know all men by these presents that I, Zilpha Eddins, of Lexington District, in the state aforesaid, widow woman, for and in consideration of the natural affection and love which I have for and do bear towards my two sons, James A. Eddins and William D. Eddins..."

James was likely the youngest or next youngest, but that's speculation based on the one Census that details his age and the position of his name in lists of Eddins children. 

He makes his first appearance in the 1800 U.S. Census for SC:

In the 1800 US Census for Orangeburgh, SC, Selvia Eddins (John having died around 1795) is head of household. In the household are two males under 10 (William D. & James A., 6ish), two males 10 - 15 (John S. & Ephraim), questionable 1 male 26 - 44—looks like it said one then was changed to zero. There are also one female under 10 (Unknown Female), two females 10 - 15, and one female 26 - 44 (Zilpha). Neighbors include Muntz, Peter Sea or Lea, Elizabeth Kelly, William Kelley, Samuel Kelley, Roof (Ross?), Blakeley, Turner, Borman, Senn, Carter, Hydle, Smith, Lipheart, Charles Corley, Lites (Lightsey), John Weisinger, William Daniel (brother to Frederick Daniel who married Susanah Hendrix?), Busby, John Ricord (Rickard), Geiger, Sanders, Evans, Christian Wingard.

Second appearance in the 1810 U.S. Census for SC:

In the 1810 US Census for SC, Widow Edins is in Lexington County. In the household are one male 10 - 15, two males 16 - 25 (James A., 17ish and William D., 19ish), one male 26 - 44 (Blakely, 30, or David Winchell?). Also in the household are one female under 10 (Unknown), one female 16 - 25, two females 26 - 45 (must be DIL's) and one female 45 and over (Widow Eddins). Nearby neighbors are George, John, Henry Windgard (brothers of Benjamin, husband of Elizabeth?),  Rambo, Furney, Busby, Jumper, Martin, Hendrix, Oaks, Johnston, Bookman, Oliver, Oswalt, Keixer, Busbee, Rall, Boozer, Gibson. Neighbor David King surveyed a plat for Zilpha in 1817.

James A. served in the War of 1812 as outlined by wife Nancy in her application for pension in 1875. James was drafted into Capt. John Quattlebaum's Company in Col. John Bates's Regiment of the SC Militia on May 1, 1813. He was honorably discharged on November 1, 1813, in Charleston, SC.


James A. married Nancy Ann Hendrix on November 9, 1813, a week after he got out of the SC Militia. He would have been about 20; she, about 18. Dr. Frankloe married them, "there being  no legal barrier to such marriage." Indeed, Dr. Franklow lived in the Orangeburgh District from at least 1810 (Census) to 1814.

From Page 30 of Nancy’s Application for War of 1812 Pension: “The afficiant further states that there was no public or private record kept of said marriage, and it is impossible to obtain the affadavit of the clergyman who solemnized the marriage.”

What's really odd is that there is no record of children born between 1813 (James's marriage) and Peter R., born 1818. You'd think that two young, healthy adults in their 20's and using no birth control would have at least two kids within five years. But there's no record of far.

Indeed, the next time we see James Eddings, he's in Columbia, Richland County, SC, in 1820. Maybe. There's one male and one female, which is weird, because son Peter and daughter Sarah were born before 1820. Richland County, SC, has a finger in the Lexington County area, so it's likely to be James and Nancy, but we can't be sure. The only other James Edins in SC has many family members and many slaves; not likely to be our James, as there is no record that he ever had slaves.


By 1830 James A. was in Wilcox County, AL, about age 36:

In the 1830 US Census for AL, James A. Edens is listed in Wilcox County, no town listed. In the household there are one male under 5 (Blakely, 8, ?), one male five to ten (Hiram, 9), one male 10 - 15 (Peter, 12), and one male 30 - 40 (James, 38). There are two females under five (Zilpha, 4, and Elizabeth, 1), two females five to 10 (Rebecca, 8, and Ann Susannah, 7), one female 10 - 15 (Sarah, 11), and one female 30 - 40 (Nancy, 34). Neighbors: Jones, Linan, Kickenson, Bonner, Rivers, Smith, Tiffs, Foster, Wait, Haris, Christian, Bird, Eads, Matthews, Cragh, Hudson, Marion, Sheffield, Dods.

1840; James about 46:

In the 1840 US Census for AL there is a J.A. Eddings in an unknown township in Tallapoosa, AL. In the household are four males and 4 females. 1 male between 5 & 9 (James, 5), 1 male 10 - 14 (Blakely?) , 1 male 15 - 19 (Hiram, 19), 1 male between 40 & 49 (James). Two females between 10 & 14 (Zilpha, 14, and Elizabeth, 11), one 15 to 19 (Rebecca, 18), one 40 - 49 (Nancy). Neighbors include P.R. Eddings (son), Coleman, Yarborough, Hightower, Rope, Thornton, John Davis, Rowell, Ward, Moore, Ray, Rogers, H. J. Rix, married to daughter Ann Susannah.

These names and ages correspond to James A., Nancy, Hiram, Rebecca, Blakely, Zilpha, Elizabeth, and James.

About 1841 James F. Edins, Sr., obtained 39.55 acres near Tallassee in Tallapoosa County through the Bureau of Land Management. Twp 19N, Range 22E, Section 21, NW1/4NW1/4. As there were no other Edinses of legal age in the area, this is most likely our James A.


In the 1850 U.S. Census for AL, James A. Eddins is 56, has $150, a farmer, born in SC, cannot read or write. Also in the household are (Nancy) Ann, 54, and son James T (or F), 15.  Neighbors: Rise/Rix--Daughter Ann is married to H. J.), Ables, Glover, Weeks, Stringfellow, Webster, Wilkinson, Loyd, Evans, Ellis, Harrel, King, Lovelady, Sarah Eddins (DIL), Falk, Johnson, Simmons, Vinson, Jackson.

James A. Edders is also listed as a farmer in the 1850 Federal Agriculture Schedule for Tallapoosa County, along with others related or connected to him: Rix, Freeman, Rogers, Glover, Harrell, Lovelady, Vickery. You can read about his crops here:

Two entries for 1855:

a) On 13 April 1855 James A. Edins appeared in court in Tallapoosa County to obtain the land warrant he felt he was owed as part of his War of 1812 service. He was 61 years old.

If he was 61 in 1855, then he was born in 1794. 

b) In the 1855 State Census for AL, James A. Eddins is in Tallapoosa County on Beat #6. There is one male under 21 (James T or F.), one male over 21 (James A.), one female under 21 (?) and one female over 21 (Nancy Ann).


Two entries for 1858:

1. Nancy Ann Hendrix Edins's War of 1812 Pension Application states that her husband died on January 27, 1858.

2. The BLM GLO records state that James A. Edins bought a piece of property in Tallassee, Tallapoosa County on March 1, 1858. After he died, apparently. Weird. 

Twp 19N, Range 22E, Section 17, NE1/4SE1/4


To the best of my knowledge, James and Nancy had nine children:

• Peter Rusel, born 1818

• Sarah, born 1819 (don't know anything more about her)

• Hiram E., born 1821

• Zilpha Elender Emily, born about 1822 (delightful; see earlier posts)

• Rebecca Ann, born about 1822

• Blakely A., born about 1822

• Ann Susannah, born 1823

• Elizabeth, born 1829

• James T. or F., born about 1835

There are a few other documents where James A. shows his mug, but they're not significant in outlining his life. 

So there you have his life from the evidence I can produce. A dry life, but hopefully a satisfying one.

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

The uneventful life of Martha Jane Pope

The most remarkable thing about Martha Jane Pope is that she never did anything. Never married. Never had children. Never appeared on any official documents other than censuses. She's always just a member of the household; she never appears alone. This in opposition to her delightful great-grandmother Zilpha and dynamo mom Zilpha Elender.

Martha Jane Pope was:

• the daughter of W.H. Pope, Sr., and maybe Zilpha Elender Eddins Pope Freeman

• the sister of Frances Marion and William Henry Pope

• the granddaughter of James A. Eddins and Nancy Ann Hendrix

• the great-granddaughter of John and Zilpha Eddins

According to her grave marker, Martha Jane was born on November 13, 1836. All the censuses agree that she was born in AL. Best guesses for place are either Wilcox County or Tallassee, where Francis Marion was born.

The first time we see Martha, she is probably the female 0 - 5 in the 1840 household of William H. Pope in Wilcox County, AL. Since we know that W.H. Pope and Eleanor Edins married on January 9, 1839, any child born before that date was the product of W. H.'s first marriage. Thus Francis Marion, (possibly) born October 9, 1838, would also have been from the first marriage. And, by golly, that's the make-up of the household in 1840: one adult male, one adult female, one male 0 - 5 and one female 0 - 5. It's not surprising that they were there; parents James A. and Nancy Eddins were in Wilcox County in 1830.

Here's the link for 1840:

By 1850 there were three children in the family (Martha, Francis, and William Henry, born 1840 - 1845. William Senior was out of the picture from either divorce or death. And Zilpha Elender had remarried to Francis M. Freeman,  who was just 10 or so years older than Martha. Crazy. They had probably moved to Tallapoosa County to be near Zilpha's parents, but I've yet to find this family in 1850.

In 1860 Martha is still living at home:

In the 1860 US Census for AL, Zylpha E. Freema is living near the Realtown P.O., Western Division, Tallapoosa County, AL. She is 39, born AL, living in the household of Francis M. Freema, 28, a mechanic, born Georgia, $300. Also in the household is Martha T., 23, Francis M., 21, a farmer, and William H, 19, all born AL. They are living next door to Ann Susannah Eddins Rice (Rix) and family. Peter Eddens, 16, is up the street. Neighbors: McKissack, Summers, Haywood, Echols, Harrison, Martha (Helton) Freeman, Nancy Freeman, Susan Freeman.

Still at home with mom in 1870:

 In the 1870 US Census for AL, Z. E. Freeman is living in Oak Bowery, Chambers County, AL. She is 45, female, keeping house, living in the household of F. M. Pope, a farmer, $550, born AL. Also in the household are Ann Edwin, 20, born AL, at home; Martha Pope, 20, born AL, and Nancy Eddins, 70, at home, born AL. Black neighbors: Blosengame, Moore, Prince, Dowdeth; Wilson; white neighbors: Kelly, Waldrop, Jeter.

Weird stuff in this family: her age is listed as "20;" it should be 33 or 34. She's listed as younger than Francis Marion; she's four years older.  She and Zilpha can read and write, while F. M. cannot.

Still at home with mom in 1880, but now in Opelika, Lee County:

In the 1880 US Census for Al, Z. A. Freeman is living in Opelika, Lee County, AL. She is 50 born AL, parents born SC, has rheumatism, can read & write. Also in the household are M. J. Pope, 25, parents born  SC., son F. M. Pope, 23, clerk in a junk shop, N. Edins, 84, widowed, born SC, parents born SC; SIL A. M. Edins, 30 or 38, sewing, born SC, father born SC, mother born KY; and  Neil Gilmore, laborer & servant, born AL, parents born AL. Neighbors: Wilkerson, Smith, Harris, Hightower, Tucker, Slaughter, Moore, Simms, Frazier. Apparently, right on the outskirts of Tallapoosa.

Now M.J. is only 25, when she should be 453 or 44. What is it with this family and aging????

I wondered if Martha's sheltered life meant she was disabled in some way. She may have been, but it's not listed anywhere, not even in the 1880 Schedule of Defectives. There is a Martha Pave, but upon further investigation it's clearly a "Martha Pool," in Chambers County. Martha Jane is clearly listed in Tallapoosa with mom Z.A. Freeman.

By 1900 her mother Zilpha, grandmother Nancy Ann, sister-in-law Ann, and in-laws Sallie & Lula have died. The family is reduced to just Martha's brothers. And....again the age is wrong.

In the 1900 US Census for AL, Marian Pope is living in Precinct 2, Opelika, Lee County, AL. He is 56, male, head of household, born AL in Oct 1843, single, father born SC, mother born AL, a farmer, can read but not write, rents. Also in the household are sister Jane, 58, born Nov. 1841, single, no job listed, can read and write; and William, brother, 54, single, born Nov. 1845, shoemaker. For all, born AL, father born SC, mother born AL. #195 on farm schedule.

Again, so many errors: ages, birthdates, William's marital status.

Martha makes her last appearance in the 1910 Census. In the 1910 US Census for AL, F.M. Pope is living at 34 Harper St., Precinct 2, Opelika, Lee County, AL. He is 64, single, a laborer doing odd jobs, can read and write, rents, currently working, but out of work 10 weeks. Also in the household is sister Martha J., 66, single, can read and write, no job. Both born AL, father born SC, mother born AL. Neighbors: Beard, Martin, Barnes.

And finally, according to Ancestry’s Alabama Death & Burial Index, 1881 - 1974, Martha Jane Pope was born about 1838, died 1917, father’s name William H. Pope, mother’s name Ellen Edine. Death place Opelika, Lee County, AL.

Remember Tap Roots?

The source above lists Martha Jane Pope b. November 13, 1836, d. October 17, 1917 (on reverse F. M. Pope #1). She is buried in Block 17 of Rosemere Cemetery in Opelika, AL. Also in the block are brother W.H. Pope, Sallie Pope, Lula Pope, brother F. M. Pope, mother Ellen Pope, aunt Ann Eddens, and several Gibsons, who may be cousins. 

TAP ROOTS: Epitaphs in East Central Alabama Cemeteries, Vol. 3, Rosemere Cemetery, Opelika, AL, by Robert C. Horn and Mariemma Fuller, et. al., Copyright 1985 by the Genealogical Society of East Alabama, Inc., P.O. Box 84, Dadeville, AL 36853. 

As far as I can tell, the only thing Martha Jane ever did was lie about her age. I certainly haven't found evidence of anything else!

Tuesday, June 9, 2015

The sad, occasionally odd life of William Henry Pope, son of Zilpha Elender Eddins

William Henry Pope was:

• the son of Zilpha Elender (Emily?) Eddins Pope Freeman

• the grandson of James A. Eddins and Nancy Ann Hendrix

• the great-grandson of John and Zilpha Eddins

He might have been odd. Certainly odd things happen with ol' W. H. 

He was born between 1840 and 1845 in Alabama. His daddy was William H. Pope, probably Sr. WHP was out of the picture sometime after Jr.'s death from death or divorce, though I haven't discovered which, yet. He had two older siblings, Martha Jane and Francis Marion. Mother Zilpha married Francis M. Freeman in Tallapoosa County in 1849. Apparently not a popular choice, because the kids buried her as Elender Pope in the 1890's.

No trace of Mom, Stepdad, and the kids in the 1850 Census yet.

How odd. 

But later it gets worse. Much worse.

In the 1855 AL State Census, one presumes that William is living with Zilpha and Francis Freeman because there are several males of the right age in the household:

In the 1855 State Census for AL, Frances Freeman is living in Tallapoosa County. In the household are four males under 21(Frances, 20; Frances Marion, about 17; William H., about 15; plus another male), 0 males over 21, two females under 21(Martha Jane, about 19, and unknown female), one female over 21(Zilpha Elender, 30-34), and three children between ??? (can’t read). On the same beat: G. Pullin, Freeman Pullin, Edward Rix, King Hiram Davis, Abraham Pullen.

Here’s William Henry in the 1860 US Census for AL:  In the 1860 US Census for AL, William H. Pope is living near the Realtown P.O., Western Division, Tallapoosa County, AL. He is 19, born AL. Also in the household are mom Zylpha E. (Eddins Pope) Freema, 39, born AL, living in the household of Francis M. Freema, 28, a mechanic, born Georgia, $300; Martha T., 23, and Francis M., 21, a farmer. They are living next door to Ann Susannah Eddins Rice (Rix) and family. Peter Eddens, 16, is up the street. Neighbors: McKissack, Summers, Haywood, Echols, Harrison, Martha (Helton) Freeman, Nancy Freeman, Susan Freeman.

You’ll note that the Popes are living right next door to the Summers. W.H. marries Sarah Summers in 1866. Also note that his age is listed as 19.

His Civil War Service:

Enlisted as a private in Company G, 37th AL, on 2 March 1862. Honorably discharged Winter 1864. But he's badly injured in a railroad collision near Jackson, MS. A broken thigh and “breast injury” leave him with a horrible limp. He became a shoemaker after the War. Documented by pension application in 1893.·+H·+-+Potter%2c+William.667&sid=&gskw=W+H+Pope

In the 1866 AL State Census, one assumes that William is near  Zilpha and Francis in Tallapoosa, but it's certainly not clear:

Francis Freeman is living in Tallapoosa County. In the household are one male under 10, one male 10 - 20 (William???), one male 20 - 30 (Francis),  one female 20 - 30 (Zilpha), and one female 50 - 60 (Nancy Ann Hendricks Eddins). One soldier killed. Neighbors: Nancy Freeman, Rebecca Gunter (Rebecca Ann Eddins??) McKlusky, Chelton, Harris, Brice, J. F. Freeman, Walls, Gibson, Smith, Vines, Vincent, M. N. Hendrix, Miles Whilles, Abrahm Pullen, George Pullen.

There is a W. H. Pope in 1866 Shelby County, but the oldest male doesn't seem to be the right age for William:

So he's disappeared again. How odd. 

It's logical to think that William is in or near Tallapoosa in 1866 because he got married:

Marriage license between Wm H. Pope and Sarah A. Summers bonded October 17, 1866, in Tallapoosa County, AL, issued by Allen D. Sturdivant. The parties were married on October 18 by E. M. Smith, J.P. Bondsmen were William H. Pope and Benjamin F. Freeman.

William H. Pope is listed in the 1867 Voter Registration list at ADAH in Chambers County....

...And also in Tallapoosa:

How odd. 

By the 1870 US Census for AL, W. H. Pope is in Opelika, Lee County. He is 28, male, white, making shoes, born AL, a male citizen. Also in the household are S. Pope, keeping house, born AL; and son J. W. Pope, 2, male, white, born AL. Neighbors include Cunningham, Smith, Conner, Robinson, Smith, Bonnar, Peterson. His family of origin living next town over in Oak Bowery, Chambers County, AL.  

I know this because I missed the route sign in Anniston, went straight instead of left, and wound up driving through Oak Bowery and an extra hour out of my way to Opelika. 

The spirit of W. H. in action. How odd. 

In the 1880 US Census for AL, W. Henry Pope is living on Tallassee Beat 3, Elmore County, AL. He is male, white, 37, a shoemaker, born AL, father born GA, mother born AL. Also in the household are wife Sarah Ann, 36, keeping house, lung disease, born GA, father born GA, mother born GA; son John W., 12, a “scolar,” attended school in the last year, born AL, father born AL, mother born GA; Lula May, daughter, 9, “scolar,” born AL, father born AL, mother born GA, attended school; and Lucy White, black, 70, a servant. Neighbors: Smith, Glover, Reynolds, Harris, Barnes.

War wounds and pension here in document from Lee County dated 1893. If he’s back in Lee County, it’s likely that Sallie and Lula have already died. Lists $30 in goods and furniture. Pension approved 1899, when he lists his age as "57."·+H·+-+Potter%2c+William.667&sid=&gskw=W+H+Pope

In the 1900 US Census for AL, William Pope is 54, born November 1845, a shoemaker, single, living with brother Marian Pope and sister Jane Pope in Precinct 21, District 2, Opelika, Lee County AL. He is born AL, father born SC, mother born AL. No Sallie, Lula, or John W. in the household. We know that Sallie and Lula died, but what happened to John W.? Neighbors: Mullins, Lewis, Johnson, Key, Irvin, Tucker, Finch.

Oh, wait, here's something odd:

His birth year keeps changing.

• In 1860 he's 19, indicating a birth year of 1841.

• 1870, 28, 1842

• 1880, 37, 1843

• 1899, 57, 1842

• 1900, 54, 1845

And finally, in this ever-changing world he lived in, the Genealogical Society of East Alabama's publication TAP ROOTS  has this information:

• 1906, 66, 1840

The listing reads:

W. H.  Pope 
Co. G 37th ALA  - C  S A
1840  - 1906

He is buried in Block 17 of Rosemere Cemetery in Opelika, AL. Also in the block are brother F.M. Pope, wife Sallie Pope, daughter Lula Pope, sister Martha Jane Pope, mother Ellen Pope, aunt Ann Eddens, and several Gibsons. It looks like Sallie Pope and Lula Pope are on the reverse side of his grave.

TAP ROOTS: Epitaphs in East Central Alabama Cemeteries, Vol. 3, Rosemere Cemetery, Opelika, AL, by Robert C. Horn and Mariemma Fuller, et. al., Copyright 1985 by the Genealogical Society of East Alabama, Inc., P.O. Box 84, Dadeville, AL 36853. 

Kind of a sad, occasionally odd life. First he's born and his father disappears. Then his mother remarries a step-dad only 10ish years older. Then he fights in the War and is so severely wounded he limps and has to work sitting down as a shoemaker. Of all his sibs, he's the lucky one who marries and has kids; but his wife gets lung disease. She and at least one kid die before him. Then he's so poor he has to move back in with his sibs. Life sucks and finally he dies, too. 

In conclusion:

A guy runs into a bar. Ouch!

I had to end this with a joke. Anything else would be too depressing. Onward. 

Sunday, December 28, 2014

Elizabeth Eddins, born 1777, Part 2

Remember that Christmas present I wanted to help me with Elizabeth's genealogy? My generous husband got it for me, and now I can report on the tidbit it provided about Elizabeth.

To understand this, though, you have to read my first blog post about Elizabeth. It's here:

The Christmas present in question was the book Memorialized Records of Lexington District, S.C., 1814 - 1825 by Brent H. Holcomb, G.R.S., Southern Historical Press, 1978. In it on Page 126, I found the following:

" {To} Mary Wingard and Sarah Wingard from Elizabeth Brown, {Deed of} Gift, {no consideration listed}, 30 acres, on the Broad River, (When Executed) 20th March 1822, (Proved) 20th March 1822; (Recorded) 3rd April 1822."

This legal document establishes a connection between Elizabeth Brown, Mary Wingard, and Sarah Wingard.

That's the most I can prove: that Elizabeth Brown was connected both to the Wingards and to John and Zilpha Edins.

But it's still pretty cool.

Friday, December 19, 2014

Who was Elizabeth Eddins, born ca. 1777?

I think she was Elizabeth Eddins, born about 1777, first married Benjamin Wingard; widowed; then married Unknown Brown; and widowed again; died after 1830.

I think. Haven't proved it yet, but working on it big time.

Thanks to a spark lit by a possible DNA match through her, I have reviewed my data about Elizabeth Eddins, daughter of John & Zilpha, and found that there were several big—nay, HUGE— discrepancies between family trees and sources. For example:

• Most internet family trees show Elizabeth's Eddins/Eddings birth about 1780, marriage to Benjamin Wingard about 1796, and death in 1796. Specifically, March 30, 1796. Not to pick on any one tree, but here is an example:

• Then the trees list her children as Albert, Jacob, Jobe, Joseph, Mary, William, and Samuel.  William born 1795—before her marriage. The rest born after 1796—after her death!!!!

As if those weren't enough, when you compare them to one of the few primary sources, there's a huge anomaly:

• In 1828 Zilpha Edins ran an ad naming an Elizabeth Brown as an heir of  John Edins. Please note—Elizabeth Brown, not Elizabeth Wingard. Be sure to see my post about Zilpha's ad, because I refer to it a lot in this blog post.

OK, so LOTS of mystery surrounding EEWmaybeB.

Let's start with information from Bob Eddings. I accept Bob's statements as mostly true. As mentioned before, anytime I've investigated independently, facts have born out his assertions 99% of the time. He may not have as much detail as I've ferreted out, but the basic facts are correct. So let's assume he's right and proceed.

Bob says:

"Regarding Elizabeth Eddings who married Benjamin Wingard, I don’t know much. I looked at the World Connect project on the Internet to see what others had posted about them, and the info I found was almost useless. One poster showed their daughter Mary being born before her mother.

Here is what little I have on them. Elizabeth was born circa 1777. About 1794-95 she married Benjamin Wingard and apparently their first child was William, born 12/10/1795. Their other children were: Mary, Jacob, Samuel, Albert, and Jobe. I estimate they all were born during the period circa 1798-1807. Due to Benjamin's young age, he might have lived with his parents for a while.

Elizabeth's father was John Eddings, but I have never been able to determine if Zilpha (Silvia) was his first, second, or only wife. She was born circa 1754. I don’t know John's parents, but he first showed up on the 1790 census. I estimate John was born circa 1750 and died circa 1795."

The only datum that's off in Bob's message is William Wingard's birth date, which is listed as 12/10/1799 at Findagrave. Close enough.

What do the censuses have to say?

• In the 1790 US census for SC, John Edings is living in Orangeburgh (late Lexington) District. There are one male 16 + (John), three males under 16 (Blakely, born abt 1798; John S., born abt 1782; and Ephraim, born about 1786), and six free white females (wife Zilpha, born about 1756; Elizabeth, born about 1777; Phereby, born about 1784; Anna Obedience, born 1789; Martha and Mary, whose ages are unknown). A birth year range of 1777 - 1780 would make Elizabeth 10 - 13.

I don't know the source for the very specific marriage date of March 30, 1796, but let's assume it's correct. Elizabeth would have been 16 - 19—well within the realm of possibility. William's birth date fits. Let's also assume that Elizabeth didn't die before giving birth to all her children—also well within the realm of possibility.   ;-)

Any evidence supporting this theory? Yes, there is:

• In the 1800 US Census for SC, Benjamin Wingard is living in the Saluda, Rocky Creek area of Orangeburgh District, Lexington County. In the household are one male under 10, one male 16 - 26, and one female 16 - 26. These are most likely Benjamin, about 16 - 26 (born 1774 - 1784), William, one-ish (born 1790 - 1800), and Elizabeth, 16 - 26 (born 1774 - 1784). And just look at the names of people we know are associated with Eddinses: Wingard, Lee or See, Gibson, Hendricks, Taylor, Gartman.

Benjamin supposedly died on December 19, 1801. But look at the birth years of his acknowledged children from the 1850 Census:

William in Pike, AL, born 1798
Jacob, in Lexington, SC, born 1806

Clearly Benjamin was living until at least 1807. So did he make it to 1810? Probably not. No Benjamin Wingard in the 1810 Census for SC. No plats listed for Benjamin Wingard at the SC Archives. No grave at No evidence that he's alive in any source I currently have access to. (But there's a book about Lexington, SC, coming for Christmas, so maybe I'll revise this once I open this present. ;-))

Which means that Elizabeth, if still living, was a widow after 1806ish.

Any records of Elizabeth Wingard after 1806-7? Not that I have found.

HOWEVER, looky here:

In the 1810 US Census for Lexington County, there is a Widow Brown is living in Lexington District. In the household are two females 16 - 26 (born 1784 - 1794) and one female over 45 (born before 1765). Any of the women could be Elizabeth. Neighbors: Williams, Simmons, Ward, Burgess, Gibson, Daniel, Geige, Taylor, Oswalt, Reisinger, Corely. Gibson, Risinger and Corley were around John Edins in 1790. Oswalt married Elizabeth's daughter.

In the 1820 US Census for SC, Elizabeth Brown is in Lexington County. In the household are one male 26 - 44 (born 1776 - 1784), two females 10 - 15 (born 1805 - 1810, probably Mary, born 1807 & ?), and one female 26 - 44 (Elizabeth, born 1776 - 1784). Neighbors include Griffen, Cattles Greg, Taylor, Oswalt, Rice or Rix, Reisinger, King, Johnson, Bickley, Metze, Hendricks, Stagner, Corley, Lee, Busby, Minick, Frie (Frye), Boatwright. A few pages over: Quattlebaum. E's son married a Bickley.

In the 1830 US Census for SC, Elizabeth Brown is living in Lexington District. In the household is one female 50 - 60 (born 1770 - 1780). Her next door neighbor is John (S) Eddings, son of John and Zilpha. Her brother?? Other neighbors include Lee or See, David King (who measured several land plats for Zilpha to sell), John Quattlebaum (James A. Eddins served in Q's unit in War of 1812), William Newman, Ruff, Cook Thompson, and Levi Oswalt.

Elizabeth Brown does not appear in the 1840 that I have yet found.

Digression: There is a Widow Brown in Lexington County, SC, in 1810. This household has one woman 45 and older, and two women 16 - 26. This doesn't seem to be Elizabeth, but I'm reserving judgement.

Back to the evidence:

Now let's look at Zilpha Edins's ad: "Elizabeth Brown" is named as one of John Edins's heirs. She's listed first. Since we know for sure that John S. was one of the oldest children, and William and James A. were the two youngest,  Elizabeth's place in the listing makes it likely she was the oldest heir. Since the other females are listed as "wife of," we can tell she was possibly an adopted daughter; but most likely a widow of Unknown Brown. Since the ad states that the other children are living out of state except for John and Elizabeth, we know she was a resident of South Carolina in 1828.  Most likely scenario: oldest child, widowed, living in SC in 1828.

A comparison of the two women under discussion shows these details:

• Elizabeth Eddins , born about 1777, married Benjamin Wingard about 1794, first child William born about 1798, other children Mary born about 1807, Jacob born about 1806, Samuel, Albert, and Jobe. Living in Lexington, SC, whenever we see her. Disappears around 1807.

• Elizabeth Brown, widowed, born between 1776 & 1780, shows up in the 1820 & 1830 Censuses, living alone in Lexington, SC, next door to John Eddings, Jr., (Eddins) and with some of the same neighbors as John & Zilpha Eddins. Mentioned in 1828 ad as living in state (SC) and as an heir to John Eddins, by Zilpha Edins, now Winchell.

So there's the basis for my theory that Elizabeth Eddins is the same as Elizabeth Wingard and the same as Elizabeth Brown.

When I find more proof one way or the other, I'll let you know!

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Martha Feaster Colvin is not Mattie Colvin Helton

A lot of people confuse Martha Feaster Colvin (MFC) and Martha "Mattie" Colvin (MCH). The names are the same, but as soon as you look at the evidence, it's clear that Joseph Helton married Mattie Colvin, not Martha Feaster Colvin.

Much of the evidence that people use as proof comes from the Sons of the American Revolution application of Ainsley Colvin Terrell. You'll find that application here:

If you read the application, it's clear that Terrell is the fifth "great-grandson of William Colvin, born 1762, died 1835, and his wife, Martha Feaster, born 1766, died 1866, married 1783...." Terrell is also sixth "great-grandson of Andrew Feaster, born 1735, died 1821, and his wife, Margaret Fry Cooper, born 1728, died 1823, married 1756...."

• First of all, "Feaster" was MFC's maiden name, as her father was Andrew Feaster. Mattie's maiden name was Colvin.

• Secondly, MFC died in 1866, while census records prove that MC lived until at least 1880.

• Thirdly, Mattie's War of 1812 pension application states that she married in 1811, not 1783 as Terrell's application claims.

The discrepancies go on and on.

Please check your facts, people.

Friday, April 12, 2013

The probable life of Fereby/Feribe Eddins Hendricks

Her name has been written a million ways:

Fereby...Faribe...Feribe...Pheribe..Pharibe...Faribay..Feribah...Cleopatra...OK, OK—not the last one...

Like her name, there are a million ways her life may have played out. This blog entry is my theory of how her life did play out, based on facts. I don't claim that every conjecture is correct. I do claim that the facts and sources are true as stated. 

For simplicity, let's use "Fereby" throughout to denote this specific woman.

We know that Fereby existed because of an ad that Zilpha Edins ran in the South Carolina State Gazette on November 22, 1828. Fereby was an heir, probably a daughter, of John and Zilpha Edins of Orangeburg District, later Lexington Dist, SC. Fereby was probably the second daughter and fourth child* of John and Zilpha Edins/Eddins of Orangeburg, later Lexington District, SC. (Zilpha may have been her step-mother.) An image of the ad is located at, or you can simply check out my earlier blog entry " Zilpha Edins's ad" here at

The ad lists Fereby as "Fereby, wife of Samuel Hendrix." The ad further says that "Samuferb" (or "Ferbuel"; I like the former) lives out of state as of that date, i.e., November 22, 1828. says that Lexington Distict, SC, legal records were burned in February 1865. Darn. So no marriage records for Samuferb. No help from there. Darn.

But there's hope:

In the 1810 U.S. Census for SC, Samuel Hendrix is living in Lexington County. In the household are three males under 10 (born between 1800 & 1810), one male 26 - 45 (Samuel, born 1765 - 1784 ), and one female 16 - 26 (born 1784 - 1794, probably Fereby). Neighbors include Michael Oswalt, Elizabeth Hendricks, Peter Hendrix, Jacob Lites, Martin Frie, Strickland, and the Widow Edins a few pages over. All of these surnames are found around the Eddins family in later censuses. 

The next site I looked at was the BLM/GLO. Fereby's sibs either stayed in SC or settled in GA (Blakely, Ann Obedience, William D.) or AL (James A.) So I looked at "Samuel Hendricks/Hendrix/Hendrex/Hendrecks" in GA and AL. No one of that name bought land in Georgia. However, in 1824 Samuel Hendricks bought land in Tuscaloosa County, AL. Hooray!!!

The 1820 Alabama State Census does not include Tuscaloosa County, and neither does the 1820 U.S. Federal Census. The next place to look is the 1830 U.S. Census. Lo and behold:

In the 1830 U.S. Census for AL, Samuel Hendrix lives in Tuscaloosa. In the household there are four males: one 15 - 20, one 20 - 30, one 30 - 40; oldest 50 - 60 (b. 1770 - 1780) is Samuel. Three females: one 10 - 15, one 15 - 20, one 40 - 50 (presumably Fereby, born 1780 - 1790). Neighbors: Benjamn Oswald, Lewis Hendricks, Jno Eds, Abraham Harrell, Nimrod Hendricks. Also Ashford, Pumphrey, Rolling, Ab Green, Gray, Harkness, Lawrence, Moses, Seals, Arnold, W. Pruitt, Ray, King, Thomas Newman, Herring, Keneda, Riggins, Burchfield, Felix Oswalt.

This entry meets our criteria on several key points: name of the husband (Samuel Hendrix); out of SC (in AL); near another Eddins (James A. in Wilcox County); and near neighbors with names from Lexington District (Oswald, Hendrix); oldest female born before death of John Edins in 1795. 

Another point: assuming the oldest female is Fereby, her birth year would be between 1784 (1810 Census) and 1790 (1840 Census).


In the 1840 U.S. Census for AL Samuel Hendrick lives in Tuscaloosa County. In the household are one male five to ten, one male 30 - 40, one female under five, one female five to 10, and one female 20 - 30. Obviously not the "Ferbuel" Samuel, who would have been 60 - 70.

However—and here's the exciting part—

Wait for it—

On the same page but up 23 names is—TAH DAHHHHHHH!!!!—Fenby Hendrick.

Or at least, that's how Ancestry has the name listed. If you zoom in on the name, it's obviously "Fereby Hendrick!!!!!!!!!"

More importantly, in the household are one female five to 10 and one elderly female 60 -70. This female would have been born from 1770 - 1780. Yes, the dates are a little early for her probable birthday, which is more likely 1784 - 1790. But that's not a huge issue. Census takers made mistakes. People didn't know their exact birthdates. And, really,'s an elderly female in the right place at the rightish age at the right time with the right name!!!!!

So now we are left with the impression that this person is most likely Fereby Eddins Hendricks. If husband Samuel died between 1830 and 1840, then the Samuel Hendrick listed in the 1840 Census is probably her son Samuel, who would have been born between 1800 and 1810, and would have been one of the three males in the household in the 1810 U.S. Census for SC. 

Sadly there are no Fereby or Samuel Hendricks/Hendrix/other variations in the 1850 U.S. Census for AL or, indeed, in any other state. There's nothing for either of them at in Alabama. The 1850 Mortality Schedule for Tuscaloosa lists Eddie Hendrix, 70, born SC, died July 1849, but since the Samuel of Ferbuel died before the 1840 Census, this can't be him. No other variations of the name at all in the 1850 AL Mortality Schedule.

So the likelihood is that they died or moved. Probably died, as I can't find any trace of them anywhere in the 1850 Census.

Where else could I check? Aha! The AL marriage index 1816 - 1957 at Bingo!

Limiting the search to marriages 1816 - 1850 and the surname to "Hendri*" provides 34 results! Several of the results jump out:

• Samuel Hendrix, Jr., (probably son) who married Abigail Grizzle

• Simon Hendrix, (maybe son) who married Elezebeth Ann Grezzel (Simon/Simeon is a Hendrix family name)

and—tah dah!!

• Pheribe (Fereby! Fereby!) Hendricks, (probable daughter) who married Seth Bowen

If you look in the 1850 U.S. Census for AL, you'll see Seth and Pheriba Bowin in Tuscaloosa County. She was born about 1811 in SC, which fits perfectly with the facts from the 1810 U.S. Census for SC; Pheriba would be the female 15 - 20 in Samuel Sr.'s household. 

So there you have it. Lots of circumstantial facts outlining the life of Fereby Eddins Hendrix, but no smoking gun. I think it's her. There may be definitive evidence out there. If it's there, I'll find it. 

Fereby, I'll be looking for ya. 

* Zilpha's ad gives new information that may rearrange the order of children. At the moment that's where I think Fereby belongs, but the issue bears further scrutiny. Oh, boy!