Friday, April 12, 2013

The probable life of Fereby/Feribe Eddins Hendricks

Her name has been written a million ways:

Fereby...Faribe...Feribe...Pheribe..Pharibe...Faribay..Feribah...Cleopatra...OK, OK—not the last one...


Like her name, there are a million ways her life may have played out. This blog entry is my theory of how her life did play out, based on facts. I don't claim that every conjecture is correct. I do claim that the facts and sources are true as stated. 


For simplicity, let's use "Fereby" throughout to denote this specific woman.


We know that Fereby existed because of an ad that Zilpha Edins ran in the South Carolina State Gazette on November 22, 1828. Fereby was an heir, probably a daughter, of John and Zilpha Edins of Orangeburg District, later Lexington Dist, SC. Fereby was probably the second daughter and fourth child* of John and Zilpha Edins/Eddins of Orangeburg, later Lexington District, SC. (Zilpha may have been her step-mother.) An image of the ad is located at GenealogyBank.com, or you can simply check out my earlier blog entry " Zilpha Edins's ad" here at ALRoots2.blogspot.com.

The ad lists Fereby as "Fereby, wife of Samuel Hendrix." The ad further says that "Samuferb" (or "Ferbuel"; I like the former) lives out of state as of that date, i.e., November 22, 1828.


FamilySearch.org says that Lexington Distict, SC, legal records were burned in February 1865. Darn. So no marriage records for Samuferb. No help from there. Darn.


But there's hope:


In the 1810 U.S. Census for SC, Samuel Hendrix is living in Lexington County. In the household are three males under 10 (born between 1800 & 1810), one male 26 - 45 (Samuel, born 1765 - 1784 ), and one female 16 - 26 (born 1784 - 1794, probably Fereby). Neighbors include Michael Oswalt, Elizabeth Hendricks, Peter Hendrix, Jacob Lites, Martin Frie, Strickland, and the Widow Edins a few pages over. All of these surnames are found around the Eddins family in later censuses. 

http://search.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=7613&path=South+Carolina.Lexington.Not+Stated.24&sid=&gskw=Widow+Edins 

The next site I looked at was the BLM/GLO. Fereby's sibs either stayed in SC or settled in GA (Blakely, Ann Obedience, William D.) or AL (James A.) So I looked at "Samuel Hendricks/Hendrix/Hendrex/Hendrecks" in GA and AL. No one of that name bought land in Georgia. However, in 1824 Samuel Hendricks bought land in Tuscaloosa County, AL. Hooray!!!


http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=AL0700__.226&docClass=STA&sid=uiqmbmei.sda#patentDetailsTabIndex=1


The 1820 Alabama State Census does not include Tuscaloosa County, and neither does the 1820 U.S. Federal Census. The next place to look is the 1830 U.S. Census. Lo and behold:



In the 1830 U.S. Census for AL, Samuel Hendrix lives in Tuscaloosa. In the household there are four males: one 15 - 20, one 20 - 30, one 30 - 40; oldest 50 - 60 (b. 1770 - 1780) is Samuel. Three females: one 10 - 15, one 15 - 20, one 40 - 50 (presumably Fereby, born 1780 - 1790). Neighbors: Benjamn Oswald, Lewis Hendricks, Jno Eds, Abraham Harrell, Nimrod Hendricks. Also Ashford, Pumphrey, Rolling, Ab Green, Gray, Harkness, Lawrence, Moses, Seals, Arnold, W. Pruitt, Ray, King, Thomas Newman, Herring, Keneda, Riggins, Burchfield, Felix Oswalt.

This entry meets our criteria on several key points: name of the husband (Samuel Hendrix); out of SC (in AL); near another Eddins (James A. in Wilcox County); and near neighbors with names from Lexington District (Oswald, Hendrix); oldest female born before death of John Edins in 1795. 

Another point: assuming the oldest female is Fereby, her birth year would be between 1784 (1810 Census) and 1790 (1840 Census).


Next:


In the 1840 U.S. Census for AL Samuel Hendrick lives in Tuscaloosa County. In the household are one male five to ten, one male 30 - 40, one female under five, one female five to 10, and one female 20 - 30. Obviously not the "Ferbuel" Samuel, who would have been 60 - 70. 

http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=8057&iid=4411216_01036&fn=Samuel&ln=Hendrick&st=d&ssrc=&pid=1374192

However—and here's the exciting part—

Wait for it—

On the same page but up 23 names is—TAH DAHHHHHHH!!!!—Fenby Hendrick.

Or at least, that's how Ancestry has the name listed. If you zoom in on the name, it's obviously "Fereby Hendrick!!!!!!!!!"

More importantly, in the household are one female five to 10 and one elderly female 60 -70. This female would have been born from 1770 - 1780. Yes, the dates are a little early for her probable birthday, which is more likely 1784 - 1790. But that's not a huge issue. Census takers made mistakes. People didn't know their exact birthdates. And, really, GEEZZZZ....it's an elderly female in the right place at the rightish age at the right time with the right name!!!!!

So now we are left with the impression that this person is most likely Fereby Eddins Hendricks. If husband Samuel died between 1830 and 1840, then the Samuel Hendrick listed in the 1840 Census is probably her son Samuel, who would have been born between 1800 and 1810, and would have been one of the three males in the household in the 1810 U.S. Census for SC. 

Sadly there are no Fereby or Samuel Hendricks/Hendrix/other variations in the 1850 U.S. Census for AL or, indeed, in any other state. There's nothing for either of them at Findagrave.com in Alabama. The 1850 Mortality Schedule for Tuscaloosa lists Eddie Hendrix, 70, born SC, died July 1849, but since the Samuel of Ferbuel died before the 1840 Census, this can't be him. No other variations of the name at all in the 1850 AL Mortality Schedule.

So the likelihood is that they died or moved. Probably died, as I can't find any trace of them anywhere in the 1850 Census.

Where else could I check? Aha! The AL marriage index 1816 - 1957 at FamilySearch.org. Bingo!


Limiting the search to marriages 1816 - 1850 and the surname to "Hendri*" provides 34 results! Several of the results jump out:

• Samuel Hendrix, Jr., (probably son) who married Abigail Grizzle

• Simon Hendrix, (maybe son) who married Elezebeth Ann Grezzel (Simon/Simeon is a Hendrix family name)

and—tah dah!!

• Pheribe (Fereby! Fereby!) Hendricks, (probable daughter) who married Seth Bowen

If you look in the 1850 U.S. Census for AL, you'll see Seth and Pheriba Bowin in Tuscaloosa County. She was born about 1811 in SC, which fits perfectly with the facts from the 1810 U.S. Census for SC; Pheriba would be the female 15 - 20 in Samuel Sr.'s household. 

So there you have it. Lots of circumstantial facts outlining the life of Fereby Eddins Hendrix, but no smoking gun. I think it's her. There may be definitive evidence out there. If it's there, I'll find it. 

Fereby, I'll be looking for ya. 



* Zilpha's ad gives new information that may rearrange the order of children. At the moment that's where I think Fereby belongs, but the issue bears further scrutiny. Oh, boy!

Tuesday, April 9, 2013

Zilpha Edins's ad

Zilpha Edins, widow of John, ran an ad in the South Carolina State Journal on November 22, 1828, and for many weeks afterwards. In it she identified heirs of John Edins. They may all be her children; some may be step-children. However, she obviously considered all of them his heirs, and—luckily for his genealogically-inclined descendants—she ran the notice.

The notice reads:

"STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA,
LEXINGTON DISTRICT.

Zilpha Winchell, formerly Edins, applicant, vs. Mary, wife of George Turner, Elizabeth Brown, Fereby, wife of Samuel Hendrix, John Edins, Martha Edins, Blakely Edins, Obedience, wife of Edom Moon, James A. Edins, and William D. Edins, defendants.

It appearing to my satisfaction that George Turner and wife Mary, Samuel Hendrix and wife Fereby, Martha Edins, Blakely Edins, Edom Moon and wife Obedience, James A. Edins and William D. Edins of the above named defendants, reside without the limits of this state: It is therefore ordered, that they do appear and object to the division of the real estate of John Edins the elder, deceased, on or before the 15th day of January next, or their consent will be entered of record. A.H. Fort, Ordinary J.D.    

December 18"


Here is the ad's link at GenealogyBank.com:

http://www.genealogybank.com/gbnk/newspapers/doc/v2:11B55F04C806628C@GBNEWS-11BB0829CEC090C8-11BB0829F754F290-11BB082A76102238/?search_terms=edins%7Czilpha&s_dlid=DL0113040920374005294&s_ecproduct=SUB-Y-6995-R.IO-30&s_ecprodtype=RENEW-A-R&s_trackval=&s_siteloc=&s_referrer=&s_subterm=Subscription%20until%3A%2006%2F07%2F2013&s_docsbal=%20&s_subexpires=06%2F07%2F2013&s_docstart=&s_docsleft=&s_docsread=&s_username=rsjmc@earthlink.net&s_accountid=AC0112050822015911400&s_upgradeable=no



What I just noticed is that Elizabeth Brown was still in SC at the time of the ad. Everyone else had moved. Bears investigating. Oh, boy—more reasearch!!!





Tuesday, April 2, 2013

The last of Zilpha Ellen

I took a truncated trip to AL last month. Wasn't able to do much genealogy because of family sickness. However, I DID find the answers to a couple of unsolved questions. And proved that most of my Zilpha theories were correct. Not bad for only three hours at the Huntsville Public Library. 

For background, please refer to my original post about Zilpha Elender Edins Pope Freeman, which lists her marriages and children. That post is here:



http://alroots2.blogspot.com/2011/10/zilpha-emily-eleanor-eddins-pope.html


We know this is the right person from mother Nancy Ann Hendricks's application for an 1812 widow's pension. Nancy Ann lived with Zilpha Ellen E.P. F in Opelika until 1880. The pension application is here:



https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-12848-1000-16?cc=1834325&wc=11768031


The source of my joy:


See, at the HPL there's this book...long title, but here's all the info you need to find it:



TAP ROOTS: Epitaphs in East Central Alabama Cemeteries, Vol. 3, Rosemere Cemetery, Opelika, AL, by Robert C. Horn and Mariemma Fuller, et. al., Copyright 1985 by the Genealogical Society of East Alabama, Inc., P.O. Box 84, Dadeville, AL 36853. 

This is part of the info gathered by the Genealogical Society of East Alabama. They cover Chambers, Lee, Macon, Russell and Tallapoosa Counties. Their mailing address has changed from 1985, when the book was written; now the P.O. Box is in Opelika. You can find more FREE info from them here: 


http://www.gsofea.org/


The joy itself:


I found the epitaphs of Zilpha, her children, and her sister-in-law Ann Eddins. 


At first I thought Ann Eddens was Zilpha's mother, Nancy Ann Hendricks (who married James A. Edins), but Ann's age at death (62) didn't match Nancy Ann's age in the 1880 Census (84). Obviously two different people. Still haven't found Nancy Ann yet, but there's time this year for another trip to AL.  :))))


Returning to Zilpha's family: 


At the Rosemere Cemetery one finds:


"F. M. Pope (two markers)

Co. F 18th ALA Infantry, Regiment  - C S A
October 29, 1838 - October 26, 1924"

F. M. Pope = Francis Marion Pope, Zilpha's son by William H. Pope



"Martha Jane Pope b. November 13, 1836, d. October 17, 1917 (on reverse F. M. Pope #1)"

MJP = Martha Jane Pope, Zilpha's daughter by William H. Pope

"W. H.  Pope 
Co. G 37th ALA  - C S A
1840  - 1906"

W. H. Pope = William H. Pope, Zilpha's son by William H. Pope

"Ann Eddens, 62"

Ann Eddens = Ann M. Kennedy Edins, widow of James F. Edins, Zilpha's brother. 

And finally....

TAH DAH!!!!!!

Ellen Pope Age 72 years
No dates (below F.M. Pope #1)

Zilpha Elender "Ellen" Eddins Pope Freeman. If she was born 1821 - 1826, an age-at-death of 72 years would give a death year between 1893 - 1898. Which makes sense, because she appears in the 1880 Census but not in the 1900 Census. 

Other Popes lie in the same plot, but I have no information on them: Lula Pope and Sallie Pope. Who can they be??

I wish there were more to tell about Zilpha. She seems to be as dynamic and delightful as her namesake grandmother Zilpha. If there's more to find, I'll find it next trip to AL. Can't wait!!!!!



Saturday, September 1, 2012

The family of origin for Peter Hendricks and Elizabeth Gibson

Peter Hendricks/Hendrix/Hendrex was born about 1765 in South Carolina, probably in the Lexington/Orangeburgh area. Most people agree about the members of Peter Hendricks/Hendrix/Hendrex family. He was the son of Tobias Hendricks and Margaret Sprenckels. (All surnames have multiple spellings. Figures.) 

The best family tree I have found is here:

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=REG&db=:3202133&id=I0419


Peter's family of origin included:

• Father Tobias Hendrix, born about 1732

• Mother Margaret Sprenckels, born about 1731

And siblings:


• Samuel Hendrix, born ? ( I wonder if he was the Samuel Hendrix who married Fereby Eddins??)

• Elizabeth, born about 1757, married Amos Hendrix in 1779

• Tobias Hendrix, born 5 AUG 1759, and died in Rowan County, North Carolina.

• Henry Hendrix, born about 1761, married Modolanah (??)

• John Hendrix, ABT. 1761, and died BEF. 1800 in Lexington County, South Carolina.

• William Hendrix, was born ABT. 1763, and died 21 JUN 1827 in Lexington County, South Carolina.

• Peter, of course, was born ABT. 1765, and died AFT. 1850 in Alabama.

• David Hendrix, born about 1775 in Lexington County, SC, 
and died BEF. 14 MAR 1847 in Monroe County, Alabama.
http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/13964615/person/28034044


I have not found any proof of Elizabeth Gibson's parents, but I suspect that her father (maybe uncle) is Benjamin Gibson, who lives in Lexington/Orangeburgh District, SC, in 1800 and 1810, and Monroe County, AL, in 1830. I can't find him in the 1820 Census, but in the 1830 US Census for AL, Benjamin Gibson again appears within a few households of Peter and Elizabeth. 

Peter married Elizabeth Gibson by 1798, when Susannah, their first child that anyone lists,  was born. But there are no SC licenses that prove the marriage date; only speculations as to when the marriage took place based on the year when the first child was born. 

The family tree link above lists these children for Peter and Elizabeth:

  1. Susanna HENDRIX b: 1798
  2. Nathan HENDRIX b: 1800
  3. Aaron HENDRIX b: 1805
  4. Matilda HENDRIX b: 1808
  5. Dolly HENDRIX b: 1810
  6. Simeon HENDRIX b: 1813 in South Carolina
  7. Joseph HENDRIX b: 1815
  8. Eli Edmund HENDRIX b: 1818 in South Carolina

According to the 1800 and 1810 Censuses for SC, Peter and Elizabeth had one male and two female children born 1790 - 1800. Susannah was born about 1798--this accounts for one of the females born before 1800 but allows for another one born at another time. Such as in 1796, when Nancy Ann was born (various censuses). Nathan, born about 1800, is the male child. 

Peter and family arrived in Monroe County, AL, between 1816 and 1825. Here's how we know:

In the 1816 tax list for Monroe County, AL, there are no Hendricks/Hendrixes of any kind listed. 

http://www.trackingyourroots.com/data/1816mnro.htm

However, on March 30, 1825, Peter Hendrix bought a plot of land in Monroe County. 

http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=0117-572&docClass=CV&sid=zmuvy0ih.qre

In the 1830 US Census for Al, Peter Headen (Hendrix) is in Monroe County, AL. In the household are one male 10 - 15 (Eli Edmund, 12), one male 15 - 20 (Joseph, 15, or Simeon, 17), one male 20 - 30 (probably Aaron, 25, who didn't marry Widow Hixon until 1836; or Nathan, about 30) and one male 60 - 70 (Peter, about 65). There are also one female 10 - 15, one female 15 - 20 (Dolly, 20, who married Lawrence Rickard in 1833), one female 20 - 30 (Matilda, about 22), and one female 50 - 60  (Elizabeth, about 58). Neighbors include Reuben Headen (Hendrix), William Headen (Hendrix), Craps, Boatwright, Henry Hendrix, Jr., Henry Boozer, Frederick Daniel (who married Susannah Hendrix), George Rawl, Rebecca Kennada, Thomas P. Kennada, Aldridge, Harbin, Griffen, Johnson, Partin, McMillian, John Stagner, David Hendrix, and significantly, Benjamin Gibson.

http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=8058&iid=4410702_00096&fn=Peter&ln=Headen&st=r&ssrc=&pid=1819695 

In the 1840 US Census for AL, Peter Hendrix is in Monroe County in an unnamed township. In the household is one male 70 - 80  (Peter, 75). There are also one female 5 - 10 (unknown), one female 15 - 20 (unknown), and one female 60 - 70 (Elizabeth). There is one female slave. Neighbors include Lawrence Rickard (married to Dolly), Andrew Fry (who married a Nancy Hendrix, but not the one from this family), Susanna Daniel lives nearby. 

http://search.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=8057&path=Alabama.Monroe.Not%20Stated.55&fn=Peter&ln=Hendria&st=r&pid=1255983&rc=&zp=75

In the 1830 US Census Peter Headen (Hendrix) is in Monroe County, AL, with family and neighbors nearby. In 1840 Peter Hendrix is in Monroe County in an unnamed township. 

In 1846 "Mr. and Mrs. Peter Hendrix" gave land to the First Baptist Church of Monroeville for the construction of a new church building. 

In 1850 Peter and Elizabeth Hendrix are in the 1850 US Census for AL, Peter Hendrix is living in the household of James Hendrix in Monroeville, Monroe County. Peter is 75, born NC, can read and write. Also in the household is his wife Elizabeth, 78, born SC, can read and write.

James is listed in the list of taxable properties in 1854 Monroe County, along with his aunt Susannah Daniels. James is probably a nephew. 

http://www.trackingyourroots.com/data/monrotax.htm

This is pretty much all I know about the Hendrixes at the moment. As soon as I find more, I guarantee to post it!

Additional evidence for Joseph Helton research

Today I wrote to my cousins who are interested in genealogy. Here's the body of the out-going message:

"Hi there you,

Several years ago I corresponded with RR, who was a cousin on the Edins side. Before RR died, he asked me if I had any knowledge of Native American roots in our family. I asked my aunt if she knew of any. She said no. So I reported "no" to him. 

Well, guess what? 

He may have been right.

You remember that Blakely Edins married Elizabeth Helton, right? Her parents were Joseph and Martha "Mattie" Colvin Helton. 

My latest research at ALRoots2.blogspot.com details the connections between Joseph Helton and the McDaniel family of Pike County, AL. They are DEFINITELY connected; probably a step-family. John McDaniel, the step-father, was 1/2 Scottish & 1/2 Cherokee. The mother Mary, who I believe is Joseph's mother, was born in the Cherokee Nation in TN, and thus maybe full Cherokee. 

My research has indicated only that there was a connection, not exactly what the connection is—but I do believe that Mary is Joseph's mother—thus giving our family NA roots and proving Russell correct. 

I hope you'll find the info helpful and interesting. I would like to hear your take on the info, positive or negative. Thank you for sharing it with me."
One of my newly discovered and highly artistic cousins just wrote back:
"This is great news!  Mother, my grandmother (BE), and my great aunt (CE) always said we had an Indian in the family, but they could not pinpoint the person.  They said it was a woman and grandmother.  I have been wanting to hear about this person all my life. Thank you so much."

WOW! This message made me so happy because it independently confirmed that I'm on the right track. 

Yes, the information is hearsay—but so often family legends are correct, and they deserve attention and further investigation. 

So I guarantee you, JE, I'm on it!

(It's important to respect privacy, so I've used initials instead of living people's real names. But if I know you, I'll identify the folks in the message.)
 

Joseph Helton's folks, Part 2

In Part 1, I revealed many connections between Joseph Helton and the Mary McDaniels family of Pike and Washington Counties, GA. But you'll find even more concrete evidence of their closeness in the Georgia Tax Digests at Ancestry.com. 

Where to begin?

Actually, the question is, how much to include.  There's so much.   ;-)

If you go to the Georgia Property Tax Digests 1793 - 1893 at Ancestry.com and enter "Joseph Hel*" in the search fields, you'll get 17 responses. Since we know that Joseph was in GA from at least 1811 (1812 pension application) to 1836/1838 (birth of Nancy, last child born in GA), we can eliminate any digests after 1838. This leaves just six entries. 

The earliest entry is for Joseph Hellen in Pike County in 1825. Going there:

http://search.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=1729&path=Pike.1825.34&sid=&gskw=

we discover Joseph Hellen in Captain John Mays's District, with no acreage listed and only one poll, meaning  one male over 21 in the household. Remember the tax was assessed per poll, or per head, of males 21 - 60. Joseph probably owned no land but worked on the farm of....

Wait—Could it be?

Yes! It is—

ALLEN McDANIEL right next door!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Other neighbors who may prove important are Burrell Green, Joseph Kirbo, Josiah McDaniel, Joiner, Millener, Nathan Vinson, Mary McDaniel, Charles McDaniel, and James Whatley. 

Joseph's pattern is consistent over the next five entries: in either Pike or Washington County, one poll, no land, near the McDaniels each time. 

1826: Captain Alexander Patterson's District, Pike County, one poll, no land. Neighbors: Nathan Vinson, James Whatley, John McDaniel, Mary McDaniel, Charles McDaniel, Millner, McGlawn, John Mays, Jiner, Elliot, Jinkins. 

http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=1729&iid=40141_1020705384_0035-00061&fn=Joseph&ln=Helton&st=d&ssrc=&pid=3520857

1827: Captain Covington's Districts, Pike County, one poll, no land. Neighbors: Samuel McDaniel, Allen McDaniel, Burns, Milner, Fryer, Joshua McDaniel, Mary McDaniel, James Whatley, Brown, Matthews. 

http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=1729&iid=40141_1220705227_0556-00108&fn=Joseph&ln=Helton&st=d&ssrc=&pid=4828857


1832; Joseph Heler in Captain Waggon's District, Carroll County. One of my correspondents has JH in Carroll County for the birth of his son James W., born 1834. This would seem to be the best proof of her claim, but I don't think the ID is as clear as the other entries. 

http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=1729&iid=40141_1020705384_0052-00017&fn=Joseph&ln=Heler&st=d&ssrc=&pid=3511281


1834: Captain Elliott's District, Pike County, one poll, no land. Neighbors: Childres, Thompson, Jordan, Allen McDaniel, Brown, McEarchern, Joiner, John Mays, Nathan Vinson, Charles McDaniel, Joshua McDaniel, Willis, Mary McDaniel, Milner, Randolph Colbin (Colvin?).

http://search.ancestry.com/Browse/view.aspx?dbid=1729&path=Pike.1834.42&fn=Joseph&ln=Helton&st=d&pid=3400111&rc=&zp=50

1835: Captain Covington's District, one poll, no land. Neighbors: Jinkins, Covington, Brown, Nathan Vinson, John Mays, Joiner, Barnes, Matthew McDaniel, Allen McDaniel, Milner, Brown, Elliot, and so on. 

http://search.ancestry.com/Browse/View.aspx?dbid=1729&path=Pike.1835.81

After 1835, Joseph's place is not clear until he shows up in Kimbrel's, Coosa County, AL, in the 1840 U.S. Census. Though I can't prove it, I'm betting he and Mattie probably gathered their family and joined Allen McDaniel and family heading towards Mississippi, where Allen died in Koskuisko, Attalla County, in 1846. 

These entries prove to me that Joseph's folks were the McDaniels. There's no proof—yet—of his exact relationship to them. However, from Mattie's 1812 pension application, it would seem that Allen and crew are Joseph's step-brothers, and Mary McDaniels is Joseph's mother from a first marriage. 

If that's the case, several fascinating new lines of investigation open up for my line. That is, Mary McDaniel was supposedly born in the Cherokee Nation, Crockett, TN. Several Helton families applied for aid based on their Cherokee heritage. Now, I've never heard of anyone in our family saying we're part Cherokee, but wouldn't it be cool if we were?? Can't wait to find out!!!!!!

Thursday, August 30, 2012

The Georgia Tax Digests

The Georgia Property Tax Digests at Ancestry.com are a fabulous resource! I've only just begun to scratch the surface. I've started with the Heltons and found a wealth of material. 

In order to understand just a fraction of what the GPTD can tell you, here's a quick lesson. The info is distilled or quoted from this website:

http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/what_do_we_have/taxfaq.htm#columns

"The poll tax is a specific sum to be paid by a person between 21 and 60 years of age. The age varies with legislation. This tax is levied without regard to property, and taxable persons with no land are frequently listed in the tax digests. The tax applies to males exclusively." 

In the 1825 Pike County Tax Digest, where we first see Joseph Helton, the headings are these:


Person's Name


Poll (# of men in the household 21 - 60)


1st Qual land???


2nd


3rd


Pine (what does this mean?)


County where the land lies


Water course


To whom the land joins


No. (Number--what does this mean?)


$ (Dollars of what??)


Cty (a number--quantity??)


County tax



Consider another entry from Washington County in 1830:


http://search.ancestry.com/iexec?htx=View&r=an&dbid=1729&iid=40141_1220705227_0569-00086&fn=Oley&ln=Prosser&st=d&ssrc=&pid=3442792


The Prossers (Prawsers) owned land that was bounded by land owned by Nathan Vinson. Nathan Vinson was a neighbor of, and bought land from, the McDaniels.  Nathan's daughter married a Colvin, which was Martha (Mattie's) maiden name. Elizabeth Prosser (Prawser) married Reuben Hicklin. Joseph served in Captain Hicklin's Company in the War of 1812. The McDaniels are closely related to Joseph; probably his stepfamily. 

Connections, connections, connections. 


And that's just from one year, one entry. 


Oh, joy! I can't wait to dig deeper for the McGuires and the Pinsons!!!!!